TOGAF9.2术语定义

应用架构

描述应用的结构和交互,提供关键业务功能和管理数据资产的一组能力。

Application Architecture

A description of the structure and interaction of the applications as groups of capabilities that provide key business functions and manage the data assets.

架构风格

与特定上下文相关的独特特性集合,架构在这个上下文中执行。可以把架构风格看做是对架构的一组制约条件,即对各组件类型及其交互模式的限制条件,而这些制约条件就确定了一组或一系列能满足它们的架构。

Architectural Style

The combination of distinctive features related to the specific context within which architecture is performed or expressed; a collection of principles and characteristics that steer or constrain how an architecture is formed.

架构

1. 系统的基础概念或属性,表现为系统环境的元素、关系以及设计和演化的原则(来源:ISO/IEC/IEEE 42010:2011) 2. 组件结构,它们的内部关系,以及治理它们设计和持续演化的原则和指导

Architecture

1. The fundamental concepts or properties of a system in its environment embodied in its elements, relationships, and in the principles of its design and evolution. 2. The structure of components, their inter-relationships, and the principles and guidelines governing their design and evolution over time.

架构构建块

描述所有模型的单一方面的架构模型的组成部分

Architecture Building Block (ABB)

A constituent of the architecture model that describes a single aspect of the overall model.

架构连续系列

企业连续系列的一部分。 连续系列开始基础定义,例如参考模型、核心战略和基础构建块。然后到行业架构,再是组织特定架构

Architecture Continuum

A part of the Enterprise Continuum. A repository of architectural elements with increasing detail and specialization.

架构开发方法

TOGAF框架的核心。一个开发和使用企业架构来引导和治理业务转型和实现项目的多阶段、迭代的过程。

Architecture Development Method (ADM)

The core of the TOGAF framework. A multi-phase, iterative approach to develop and use an Enterprise Architecture to shape and govern business transformation and implementation projects.

架构领域

待考虑的架构领域。TOGAF框架有四个主要架构域:业务、数据、应用和技术。其他域也可以考虑(例如:安全)

Architecture Domain

The architectural area being considered. The TOGAF framework has four primary architecture domains: business, data, application, and technology. Other domains may also be considered (e.g., security).

架构框架

用来规划、开发、实现、治理和维持一个架构的概念结构。

Architecture Framework

A conceptual structure used to plan, develop, implement, govern, and sustain an architecture.

架构治理

监控和引导架构相关工作的实践。目标是交付期望的结果,并遵守相关原则、标准和路标。

Architecture Governance

The practice of monitoring and directing architecture-related work. The goal is to deliver desired outcomes and adhere to relevant principles, standards, and roadmaps.

架构原则

定性的描述架构必须遵循的一些意图。架构原则是决策的基础,架构原则分为不同的级别,每个级别有不同的目的并具有不同的强制力。

Architecture Principle

A qualitative statement of intent that should be met by the architecture.

架构视图

从相关关注点集合视角去看一个系统。

Architecture View

A representation of a system from the perspective of a related set of concerns. Note: In some sections of this standard, the term "view" is used as a synonym for "architecture view".

架构视点

特定类型架构视图的约定规范。

Architecture Viewpoint

A specification of the conventions for a particular kind of architecture view. Note: An architecture viewpoint can also be seen as the definition or schema for that kind of architecture view.

架构愿景

目标架构的简洁描述,描述业务价值和带来企业成功部署的变化。它作为愿景和详细架构开发的范围。

Architecture Vision

A succinct description of the Target Architecture that describes its business value and the changes to the enterprise that will result from its successful deployment. It serves as an aspirational vision and a boundary for detailed architecture development.

工件

描述架构某一方面的架构工作产物

Artifact

An architectural work product that describes an aspect of the architecture.

基线

被正式评审和同意批准的规范,之后作为未来开发或变更的基础。只有通过正式变更控制过程或类似配置管理过程才能变更。

Baseline

A specification that has been formally reviewed and agreed upon, that thereafter serves as the basis for further development or change and that can be changed only through formal change control procedures or a type of procedure such as configuration management.

构建块

企业能力的潜在可重用组件,能与其他构建块组合起来交付架构和解决方案。 构建块能在不同详细级别来定义,这依赖于所处的架构开发阶段。例如,在早期阶段,一个构建块可以简单的只包含一个名词或者一个概要描述。之后,构建块可以分解为多个支持的构建块,可以用完整的规约来描述。

Building Block

A (potentially re-usable) component of enterprise capability that can be combined with other building blocks to deliver architectures and solutions.

业务架构

业务的整体、多维度的展现:能力、端到端价值交付、信息和组织结构,以及这些业务视图和战略、产品、政策、举措和利益相关者间的关系。

Business Architecture

A representation of holistic, multi-dimensional business views of: capabilities, end-to-end value delivery, information, and organizational structure; and the relationships among these business views and strategies, products, policies, initiatives, and stakeholders.

业务能力

业务能力是业务为实现特定目的或结果而可能拥有或交换的特定能力或产能。

Business Capability

A particular ability that a business may possess or exchange to achieve a specific purpose.

业务治理

关注于确保业务过程和政策定交付业务结果,并遵守相关业务法规.

Business Governance

Concerned with ensuring that the business processes and policies (and their operation) deliver the business outcomes and adhere to relevant business regulation.

能力

组织、人或系统拥有的能力。例如,企业架构、营销、客户合同或电话销售

Capability

An ability that an organization, person, or system possesses. Note: For example, Enterprise Architecture, marketing, customer contact, or outbound telemarketing.

关注点

利益相关者对系统感兴趣的地方,是决定系统是否被接受的重要因素。关注点可以是系统功能、开发、操作、性能、安全等各个方面。

Concern

An interest in a system relevant to one or more of its stakeholders.

行动步骤

战略目标和目的提供的方向和焦点,通常交付商业模式中的价值主张。

Course of Action

Direction and focus provided by strategic goals and objectives, often to deliver the value proposition characterized in the business model.

数据架构

描述企业主要数据类型和数据源、逻辑数据资产、物理数据资产和数据管理资源的结构和交互。

Data Architecture

A description of the structure and interaction of the enterprise’s major types and sources of data, logical data assets, physical data assets, and data management resources.

交付物

合同制定并需要利益相关者进行正式评审、同意和签署的架构工作产物。 交付物代表项目输出,这些交付物一般都是文档形式,在项目结束时进行归档,或作为参考模型放入架构存储库,或在某一时刻点作为架构全景的一个快照。

Deliverable

An architectural work product that is contractually specified and in turn formally reviewed, agreed, and signed off by the stakeholders.

企业

一个组织的最高级别(通常)描述,通常涵盖所有使命和职能。企业通常分解为多个组织。

Enterprise

The highest level (typically) of description of an organization and typically covers all missions and functions. An enterprise will often span multiple organizations.

基础架构

通用构建块,基于原则和指南与其他构建块交互组合为要构建的更具体架构提供基础。

Foundation Architecture

Generic building blocks, their inter-relationships with other building blocks, combined with the principles and guidelines that provide a foundation on which more specific architectures can be built.

差距

两个状态之间差异的描述。差距分析对基线和目标架构的差异进行描述。

Gap

A statement of difference between two states. Used in the context of gap analysis, where the difference between the Baseline and Target Architecture is identified.

治理

监控、管理和控制业务或IT来交付所需业务结果的学科。

Governance

The discipline of monitoring, managing, and steering a business (or IS/IT landscape) to deliver the business outcome required.

信息

任意事实、数据或观点的沟通或展现,可以以任意媒介或格式,包括文本、数字、图形、制图、叙述或试听格式。

Information

Any communication or representation of facts, data, or opinions, in any medium or form, including textual, numerical, graphic, cartographic, narrative, or audio-visual forms.

信息技术

1. 组织使用的信息及相关技术的生命周期管理。 2.包括与IT相关的主题,如业务连续性、业务流程建模和管理、业务IT接口、沟通、一致性和法规、内容管理、硬件、信息管理、离岸外包、网络、程序和软件、专业问题、项目管理、安全、标准、存储、声音和数据沟通、 3. 通常把上面描述的一些领域分配给组织一个部门 4. 通常作为信息服务、信息管理等等同名词

Information Technology (IT)

1. The lifecycle management of information and related technology used by an organization. 2. An umbrella term that includes all or some of the subject areas relating to the computer industry ...

逻辑

架构实现无关的定义,通常是物理实体依据它们的目的和结构组合而成。例如,来自多个基础设施软件厂商的产品能够逻辑组合成Java应用服务平台。

Logical

An implementation-independent definition of the architecture, often grouping related physical entities according to their purpose and structure. For example, the products from multiple infrastructure software vendors can all be logically grouped as Java® application server platforms.

元数据

数据的数据,描述一个实体的特性

Metadata

Data about data, of any sort in any media, that describes the characteristics of an entity.

方法

解决特定类型问题的已定义、可重复的方法

Method

A defined, repeatable approach to address a particular type of problem.

建模

通过构建模型来来推论、洞察和清晰有关主题本质的技术。

Modeling

A technique through construction of models which enables a subject to be represented in a form that enables reasoning, insight, and clarity concerning the essence of the subject matter.

目的

展现组织目标进展的限定时间的里程碑,例如“在2019年末增加30%能力使用率来提升市场占有率”

Objective

A time-bounded milestone for an organization used to demonstrate progress towards a goal; for example, “Increase capacity utilization by 30% by the end of 2019 to support the planned increase in market share".

物理

现实世界实体的描述。企业架构中的物理元素抽象与解决方案架构、设计或实现视图。

Physical

A description of a real-world entity. Physical elements in an Enterprise Architecture may still be considerably abstracted from Solution Architecture, design, or implementation views.

参考模型

理解一个环境中实体间重要关系的一个抽象框架,为支持这个环境开发提供了一致的标准或规范。 参考模型基于少量统一概念,可以作为教育基础,并向非专业人员解释标准。一个参考模型不直接绑定任意标准、技术或其他具体的详细实现,但是它提供通用语义来在不同实现中明确的使用。

Reference Model (RM)

An abstract framework for understanding significant relationships among the entities of [an] environment, and for the development of consistent standards or specifications supporting that environment.

存储库

管理企业所有数据的系统,包括数据和处理模型和其他企业信息。存储库的数据比数据字典更广泛。

Repository

A system that manages all of the data of an enterprise, including data and process models and other enterprise information. Note: The data in a repository is much more extensive than that in a data dictionary, which generally defines only the data making up a database.

需求

特定架构或工作包满足的需要描述

Requirement

A statement of need that must be met by a particular architecture or work package.

服务

1. 一个可重复活动,构建块可以被请求或触发执行的重复行为。例如客户信用检查、提供天气数据 2. 为响应施动者或其他服务请求而提供特定功能的行为元素

Service

1. A repeatable activity; a discrete behavior that a building block may be requested or otherwise triggered to perform. 2. An element of behavior that provides specific functionality in response to requests from actors or other services.

解决方案架构

聚焦业务运营或活动的描述,以及IT如何支持运营。一个解决方案架构通常应用在单项目中,要把需求转化为解决方案愿景、高阶业务和IT规范,以及实现任务的组合。

Solution Architecture

A description of a discrete and focused business operation or activity and how IS/IT supports that operation.

需求

特定架构或工作包满足的需要描述

Requirement

A statement of need that must be met by a particular architecture or work package.

解决方案构建块

符合架构构建块规范的候选解决方案

Solution Building Block (SBB)

A candidate solution which conforms to the specification of an Architecture Building Block (ABB).

利益相关者

在系统中承担角色,或者关注系统某方面的人,例如用户、开发人员、管理人员等。不同利益相关者有不同的关注点,利益相关者可以是个人、团队或者组织。

Stakeholder

 An individual, team, organization, or class thereof, having an interest in a system.

战略架构

企业概要的正式描述,对企业运营和变化活动进行正式概要的描述框架,关注领导层、长期方向设定的视图。

Strategic Architecture

A summary formal description of the enterprise, providing an organizing framework for operational and change activity, and an executive-level, long-term view for direction setting.

目标架构

描述组织要开发的未来架构状态。可能需要展现目标状态演化过程中的多个未来状态。

Target Architecture

The description of a future state of the architecture being developed for an organization. Note: There may be several future states developed as a roadmap to show the evolution of the architecture to a target state.

技术架构

描述技术服务和技术组件的结构和交互

Technology Architecture

A description of the structure and interaction of the technology services and technology components.

过渡架构

架构在演化过程中关键点的一个状态的正式描述。可以使用一个或多个过渡架构来描述从基线到目标架构的演化。

Transition Architecture

A formal description of one state of the architecture at an architecturally significant point in time. Note: One or more Transition Architectures may be used to describe the progression in time from the Baseline to the Target Architecture.

价值流

价值流是描述一个特定利益相关者如何获取价值的端到端视图。

Value Stream

A representation of an end-to-end collection of value-adding activities that create an overall result for a customer, stakeholder, or end user.

视点库

包含在架构存储库的参考库中一系列架构视点规范

Viewpoint Library

A collection of the specifications of architecture viewpoints contained in the Reference Library portion of the Architecture Repository.

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